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5.1 Simple and Compound Statements - Sequences of Statements

1
[A statement is either simple or compound. A simple_statement encloses no other statement. A compound_statement can enclose simple_statements and other compound_statements.]

Syntax

2
sequence_of_statements ::= statement {statement}
3
statement ::= 
   {labelsimple_statement | {labelcompound_statement
4/2
{AI95-00318-02} simple_statement ::= null_statement
   | assignment_statement | exit_statement
   | goto_statement | procedure_call_statement
   | simple_return_statement return_statement | entry_call_statement
   | requeue_statement | delay_statement
   | abort_statement | raise_statement
   | code_statement
5/2
{AI95-00318-02} compound_statement ::= 
     if_statement | case_statement
   | loop_statement | block_statement
   | extended_return_statement

   | accept_statement | select_statement
6
null_statement ::= null;
7
label ::= <<label_statement_identifier>>
8
statement_identifier ::= direct_name
9
The direct_name of a statement_identifier shall be an identifier (not an operator_symbol).

Name Resolution Rules

10
The direct_name of a statement_identifier shall resolve to denote its corresponding implicit declaration (see below).

Legality Rules

11
Distinct identifiers shall be used for all statement_identifiers that appear in the same body, including inner block_statements but excluding inner program units. 

Static Semantics

12
For each statement_identifier, there is an implicit declaration (with the specified identifier) at the end of the declarative_part of the innermost block_statement or body that encloses the statement_identifier. The implicit declarations occur in the same order as the statement_identifiers occur in the source text. If a usage name denotes such an implicit declaration, the entity it denotes is the label, loop_statement, or block_statement with the given statement_identifier.
12.a
Reason: We talk in terms of individual statement_identifiers here rather than in terms of the corresponding statements, since a given statement may have multiple statement_identifiers.
12.b
A block_statement that has no explicit declarative_part has an implicit empty declarative_part, so this rule can safely refer to the declarative_part of a block_statement.
12.c
The scope of a declaration starts at the place of the declaration itself (see 8.2). In the case of a label, loop, or block name, it follows from this rule that the scope of the implicit declaration starts before the first explicit occurrence of the corresponding name, since this occurrence is either in a statement label, a loop_statement, a block_statement, or a goto_statement. An implicit declaration in a block_statement may hide a declaration given in an outer program unit or block_statement (according to the usual rules of hiding explained in 8.3).
12.d
The syntax rule for label uses statement_identifier which is a direct_name (not a defining_identifier), because labels are implicitly declared. The same applies to loop and block names. In other words, the label itself is not the defining occurrence; the implicit declaration is.
12.e
We cannot consider the label to be a defining occurrence. An example that can tell the difference is this: 
12.f
declare
    -- Label Foo is implicitly declared here.
begin
    for Foo in ... loop
        ...
        <<Foo>> -- Illegal.
        ...
    end loop;
end;
  
12.g
The label in this example is hidden from itself by the loop parameter with the same name; the example is illegal. We considered creating a new syntactic category name, separate from direct_name and selector_name, for use in the case of statement labels. However, that would confuse the rules in Section 8, so we didn't do it. 

Dynamic Semantics

13
{execution (null_statement) [partial]} The execution of a null_statement has no effect.
14/2
 {AI95-00318-02} {transfer of control} A transfer of control is the run-time action of an exit_statement, return statement return_statement, goto_statement, or requeue_statement, selection of a terminate_alternative, raising of an exception, or an abort, which causes the next action performed to be one other than what would normally be expected from the other rules of the language. [As explained in 7.6.1, a transfer of control can cause the execution of constructs to be completed and then left, which may trigger finalization.]
15
{execution (sequence_of_statements) [partial]} The execution of a sequence_of_statements consists of the execution of the individual statements in succession until the sequence_ is completed.
15.a
Ramification: It could be completed by reaching the end of it, or by a transfer of control. 
NOTES
16
1  A statement_identifier that appears immediately within the declarative region of a named loop_statement or an accept_statement is nevertheless implicitly declared immediately within the declarative region of the innermost enclosing body or block_statement; in other words, the expanded name for a named statement is not affected by whether the statement occurs inside or outside a named loop or an accept_statement — only nesting within block_statements is relevant to the form of its expanded name. 
16.a
Discussion: Each comment in the following example gives the expanded name associated with an entity declared in the task body: 
16.b
task body Compute is
   Sum : Integer := 0;                       -- Compute.Sum
begin
 Outer:                                      -- Compute.Outer
   for I in 1..10 loop     -- Compute.Outer.I
    Blk:                                     -- Compute.Blk
      declare
         Sum : Integer := 0;                 -- Compute.Blk.Sum
      begin
         accept Ent(I : out Integer; J : in Integer) do
                                             -- Compute.Ent.I, Compute.Ent.J
            Compute.Ent.I := Compute.Outer.I;
          Inner:                             -- Compute.Blk.Inner
            for J in 1..10 loop
                                             -- Compute.Blk.Inner.J
               Sum := Sum + Compute.Blk.Inner.J * Compute.Ent.J;
            end loop Inner;
         end Ent;
         Compute.Sum := Compute.Sum + Compute.Blk.Sum;
      end Blk;
   end loop Outer;
   Record_Result(Sum);
end Compute;

Examples

17
Examples of labeled statements: 
18
<<Here>> <<Ici>> <<Aqui>> <<Hier>> null;
19
<<After>> X := 1;

Extensions to Ada 83

19.a
{extensions to Ada 83} The requeue_statement is new. 

Wording Changes from Ada 83

19.b
We define the syntactic category statement_identifier to simplify the description. It is used for labels, loop names, and block names. We define the entity associated with the implicit declarations of statement names.
19.c
Completion includes completion caused by a transfer of control, although RM83-5.1(6) did not take this view. 

Extensions to Ada 95

19.d/2
{AI95-00318-02} {extensions to Ada 95} The extended_return_statement is new (simple_return_statement is merely renamed). 

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