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3.6.2 Operations of Array Types
Legality Rules
1
The argument N used in the attribute_designators
for the Nth dimension of an array shall be a static expression
of some integer type. The value of N shall be positive (nonzero) and
no greater than the dimensionality of the array.
Static Semantics
2/1
The following attributes are defined for a prefix
A that is of an array type (after any implicit dereference), or denotes
a constrained array subtype:
3
 A'First

A'First denotes the lower bound
of the first index range; its type is the corresponding index type.
4
 A'First(N)

A'First(N) denotes the lower
bound of the Nth index range; its type is the corresponding index type.
5
 A'Last

A'Last denotes the upper bound
of the first index range; its type is the corresponding index type.
6
 A'Last(N)

A'Last(N) denotes the upper bound
of the Nth index range; its type is the corresponding index type.
7
 A'Range

A'Range is equivalent to the
range A'First .. A'Last, except that the prefix
A is only evaluated once.
8
 A'Range(N)

A'Range(N) is equivalent to the
range A'First(N) .. A'Last(N), except that the prefix
A is only evaluated once.
9
 A'Length

A'Length denotes the number of
values of the first index range (zero for a null range); its type is
universal_integer.
10
 A'Length(N)

A'Length(N) denotes the number
of values of the Nth index range (zero for a null range); its type is
universal_integer.
Implementation Advice
11
An implementation should normally represent multidimensional
arrays in rowmajor order, consistent with the notation used for multidimensional
array aggregates (see
4.3.3). However, if
a
pragma Convention(Fortran, ...) applies to a multidimensional
array type, then columnmajor order should be used instead (see
B.5,
``
Interfacing with Fortran'').
12
45 The
attribute_references A'First and
A'First(1) denote the same value. A similar relation exists for the attribute_references
A'Last, A'Range, and A'Length. The following relation is satisfied (except
for a null array) by the above attributes if the index type is an integer
type:
13
A'Length(N) = A'Last(N)  A'First(N) + 1
14
46 An array type is limited
if its component type is limited (see 7.5).
15
47 The
predefined operations of an array type include the membership tests,
qualification, and explicit conversion. If the array type is not limited,
they also include assignment and the predefined equality operators. For
a onedimensional array type, they include the predefined concatenation
operators (if nonlimited) and, if the component type is discrete, the
predefined relational operators; if the component type is boolean, the
predefined logical operators are also included.
16
48 A component of an array
can be named with an indexed_component.
A value of an array type can be specified with an array_aggregate,
unless the array type is limited. For a onedimensional array type, a
slice of the array can be named; also, string literals are defined if
the component type is a character type.
Examples
17
Examples (using
arrays declared in the examples of subclause 3.6.1):
18
 Filter'First = 0 Filter'Last = 31 Filter'Length = 32
 Rectangle'Last(1) = 20 Rectangle'Last(2) = 30
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